英國藥學生生活簡介
107年/Kingston University of Pharmacy/Gabriel Chan
Overview of UK Pharmacy Education

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徵文負責人:北醫藥學系/鄭當騰;帝京平成大学薬学科/橋本京平

There are currently 31 universities offering Pharmacy course in the United Kingdom.
Most of the undergraduate course in the UK provide students with a bachelor degree after three years of studies. However, all pharmacy courses in the UK are four years and offer a master degree to students after graduating. Graduates are required to complete a year of pre-registration training and pass the pre-reg exam at the end of the year before they are qualified as a pharmacist. During the year, pre-reg students will need to be trained in a pharmacy or other relevant position as well as preparing for the exam. Normally, it will take five years for a student to qualify as a pharmacist. It is not a must to do the pre-reg straight after graduation. However, the whole registration process starting from the beginning of university till being qualified will need to be completed within 8 years. However, some university also provide an extra foundation year for those who didn’t do well in the A-level exam or didn’t study relevant subject during A-level (Chemistry or Biology). This year of intense studies allows them to catch up easier during the undergraduate course. In this case, they will have nine years to complete the registration.

英國總共有31所大學設有藥學系。
英國大部份的大學課程都是三年的,然後以學士學位畢業。然而英國所有的藥學系課程都是四年的,然後以博士學位畢業。之後畢業生需要經過一年實習年,然後再通過註冊考試才能正式成為註冊藥師。在這一年學生需要在藥房或相關位置實習,同時準備考試。在一般情況下,整個過程需時五年。雖然並沒有規定學生一定要在實習年後馬上通過考試,但是整個註冊過程需要在八年內完成。有些大學會提供foundation year給一些A-level(國家高考)考得不好或者沒有選修相關科目的學生,讓他們可有多一年時間來銜接課程。在這個情況下,他們會有多一年時間,即九年來完成註冊。

The course structure varies a lot between universities and every university have their own way to approach the subject, but the main principle of the course are similar. In general, most universities will be introducing the nature and role of a pharmacist as well as some basic sciences around drugs in the first year of the course. Upon progression, student will have a better understanding of interactions between the medicines and the human bodies, and will continue to develop their clinical skills during the second and third year. In the fourth years, students will need to do their final year research project and dissertation. There are also Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) throughout the course in each year. These are practical exams which assess the clinical skills of a student. Students are required to pass all OSCEs, assessments and examinations each year in order to progress to the next stage of the course.

雖然每所大學都會用各自的教學方法來完成課程,但是核心課程基本上都是差不多的。大學會在大一時令學生明白和了解藥師的工作和責任等,同時教授關於藥的基本知識。在大二和大三時,會教授不同的藥作用於人體的原理等,同時繼續發展臨床技能。在大學的最後一年,學生則需要研究項目和寫畢業論文。每一年除了一般筆試外,也會OSCEs (技能考試)。所有學生必需通過所有OSCEs,評估和考試才能升級。

After graduating from universities, all students have to complete a year of training provided by places like community pharmacies, hospitals, industries etc. Community pharmacies provide the most number of pre-reg spaces while the hospitals and industries have limited space and they are very competitive to secure. All of the constitutions that provide pre-reg position have to be evaluated and accredited by the GPhC before the students can apply. All pre-reg students will also need to pass the pre-reg exam after a year of training, before being registered as a licenced pharmacist.

在大學畢業後,所有畢業生需在相關的地方如藥房,醫院,藥廠等,進行為期一年的實習年。由於藥房提供最多的實習位置,所以大部份畢業生都會選擇於藥房內完成實習年。至於醫院和藥廠只提供很少的位置,所以只有很少畢業生能爭取到於醫院和藥廠工實習的機會。所有提供實習訓練機構事前需要通過GPhC的評估和認證。所有畢業生需要通過註冊考試才能成為正式的註冊藥師。

After qualified as a pharmacist, most people will choose to work in community pharmacies, but there are more path other than working in community pharmacies. These includes hospitals, industries, GP surgeries and regulatory bodies, etc.
GPhC-General Pharmaceutical Council is the independent regulator for pharmacists in UK

成為註冊藥師,大部份人都會選擇在藥房工作。當然除了在藥房工作,還有其他選擇,如醫院,藥廠,GP surgeries (小型診所,可以做簡單手術,也可以接急診病患),監管機構等
備註:GPhC -英國藥師的獨立監管機構

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延伸課程:歐洲臨床藥學實習課程點我看